August 13, 2019
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CANNABIDIOL AND TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL
CBD oil continues to raise various controversies. Most often, they are a result of a misunderstanding the differences between CBD and the psychoactive THC substance found in marijuana. Here, we explain why these two are entirely different things and what do they do to our bodies.
What is tetrahydrocannabinol
Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is a psychoactive ingredient found naturally in marijuana. It is responsible for the intoxication that results in: relaxation, distortion of the senses, feeling of hunger, reduced aggression.
Medicine uses THC for pharmaceutical purposes; we’re talking about medical marijuana then. Some physicians recommend it as an agent supporting the fight against cancer (it reduces, among others, side effects of chemotherapy), multiple sclerosis, glaucoma and alleviates the symptoms of AIDS. Unfortunately, medical marijuana is illegal in many countries around the world, so the healing potential of THC remains mostly untapped.
What is cannabidiol
CBD has the same chemical composition as THC, but the atomic arrangement is different entirely – this small change is significant; CBD lacks the intoxicating, psychoactive effect.
Most often, CBD is produced in the form of oil. It’s made in the process of extraction. Cannabinoids are soluble in suitable solvents. The best quality products are dissolved in supercritical carbon dioxide. In the final stage of the process, the liquid is evaporated, leaving only the extract – CBD oil.
It is also worth mentioning something that people often don’t know about. CBD oil is made from a different species of hemp than THC.
Advantages and disadvantages of both of them
As has already been mentioned, THC has excellent therapeutic potential, but due to legal regulations is not utilised. A completely different situation concerns cannabidiol, which is entirely licit.
Research on CBD properties is still ongoing, but what we already know today is that it has great potential. In the United States of America, one CBD-based drug has already appeared. It’s Epidiolex, and it helps people with drug-resistant epilepsy.
Other studies are still ongoing, but CBD is known to have unusual properties that, although not medical, can be useful to many people. We are talking here about antipsychotic and anti-inflammatory properties.
It is also worth noting that taking THC has scientifically proven side effects. Those include thinking disorders, abnormalities in the functioning of the heart and the brain, and disability in decision-making. Those types of effects do not characterise CBD. Besides, it is used to alleviate the side effects of THC.
CBD is simply an extract of what is best in hemp. It does not cause intoxication but only contributes to improving the overall state of the body. Nevertheless, it is worth noting that CBD oil is not a medical product and shouldn’t be used as medicine.